By: Rene’ Powers: One Mom on A Borough
AND aside from my journalism side under my family name: private-civilian/State Citizen
COUNTERFEIT, TREASON, PIRACY/3 CRIMES UNDER US CONSTITUTION/”UTTERING” IS NOT JUST FOR COWS! PATENT THAT!
In todays climate of crimes against the people it is imperative that the correct accusations are “levied” against those committing them. This article is about the 3 crimes that are in the US Constitution and are crimes against humanity as well. This article is for informational purposes only, not intended as legal advice and only intended to make you think about what the terminology you might choose after reading this information.
The word FRAUD is used to explain the mortgage and financial crimes, but i was told months ago to use the term “counterfeit” instead as it is treason and a very strong word that describes the trespassing upon our private property, land and vessel.
There are 3 crimes in the Constitution, Counterfeit, Treason and Piracy. When discussing your “vessel” it is not you, but it is YOU. This is key in this article. YOU are a vessel on the high seas, once you bring YOU to drydock it can still be trespassed upon and pirated. Let’s look at some information found worth discussing.
This is an article that is worth your time:
Although not our first governing document (see the Articles of Confederation), the Constitution set up our three branches of government, the balance of powers, and the doctrine of federalism which governs the relationship between the states and the federal government.
The Constitution contains all of these legal principles, but it only mentions three criminal offenses. Which ones?
It isn’t a surprise that treason is defined in the Constitution, as the Founders likely wanted to know how our fledgling nation would deal with enemies within its borders.
Article III Section 3 defines treason as:
- Levying war against the United States,
- Adhering to the nation’s enemies, or
- Giving our nation’s enemies aid and comfort.
The federal statute defining treason is almost a mirror image of this definition, and it is one of the few crimes for which a defendant may “suffer death.”
While the Founders weren’t prescient enough to anticipate Napster, Congress is empowered under Article I Section 8 of the Constitution to “define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas.”
Congress did create a law to punish piracy. So anyone caught robbing American mariners on the high seas in Johnny Depp eyeliner can potentially face life in prison.
Article I Section 8 of the Constitution also endows Congress with the ability to punish those who counterfeit “the Securities and current Coin of the United States.”
The Secret Service, along with protecting U.S. heads of state, is also charged with protecting the integrity of the nation’s currency by investigating and arresting counterfeiters.
Counterfeiting of U.S. currency today is almost always in paper bills, but it is no less illegal.
CREATING FAKE MORTGAGES IS COUNTERFEITING:
manufacturing spurious coins, paper money, or evidences of governmental obligation (e.g., bonds) in the resemblance of the true. There must besufficient resemblance to the genuine article to deceive a person using ordinary caution. The offense may be regarded as a special variety of forgery.
The crime affects property but was historically considered to be an interference with the administration of government. Hence, under an early English statute (1350), counterfeiting the king’s seal or his gold and silver coinage was a grave crime against the state amounting to high treason
and was punishable by death. The statute left unchanged the common-law misdemeanors of counterfeiting copper coinage and passing counterfeit foreign currency. Other early statutes were directed against debasing the coinage by clipping or filing off the edges to sell the metal. By the 19th cent. counterfeiting was considered a felony rather than a form of treason.
The U.S. Constitution authorizes Congress to “provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States.” Under that power, statutes have been enacted making criminal the counterfeiting of the currency and bonds of the United States, of the evidences of indebtedness (e.g., checks) of the Federal Reserve System, of postage stamps, and of foreign money used for exchange.Under its powers to define and punish offenses of international law and its powers to control interstate and foreign commerce, Congress has passed legislation against the counterfeiting of foreign money and securities within the United States. Nearly every state now has statutes against counterfeiting. Since its establishment in 1865 the U.S. Secret Service has been the primary agency in the combating of counterfeiters in the United States.
To commit the crime of counterfeiting one does not necessarily have to make a whole coin or bill. It may be accomplished by plating coins,by raising the amount of a bill, or by any other alteration calculated to deceive the recipients. To retain counterfeit money or government obligations knowingly is also a criminal offense, regardless of how possession was acquired. The knowing utterance (passing) of counterfeit currency or securities is also criminal.
For the further protection of the currency and of postage stamps, statutes forbid making certain types of photographs (e.g., in color) where there would be danger of deception. In the 1990s, counterfeiters began to create high-quality color prints of paper currency using computer scanning and imaging. The U.S. government and those of other nations responded by redesigning denominations of bills. U.S. bills issued since 1996 include microscopic printing, watermarks, and other security features.
Here is a question i have after reading that last sentence. “Couldn’t one argue that digitalizing documents is counterfeiting when they are used as the originals?”
READ, criminal code-offenses against currency: copy and paste this text
The UTTERING of forged documents:
California PENAL CODE SECTION 470-483.5
470. (a) Every person who, with the intent to defraud, knowing that he or she has no authority to do so, signs the name of another person or of a fictitious person to any of the items listed in subdivision (d) is guilty of forgery. (b) Every person who, with the intent to defraud, counterfeits or forges the seal or handwriting of another is guilty of forgery.
see link above and continue reading.
making, uttering, or possessing with the intent to utter any counterfeit bill or check.
Look up uttering in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.In the law of countries whose legal systems derive from English common law, uttering is a crime similar to
- forgery. Uttering and forgery were originally common law offences, both misdemeanours. Forgery was the creation of a forged document, with the intent to defraud; whereas uttering was merely use — the passing — of a forged document, that someone else had made, with the intent to defraud. In law, uttering is synonymous with publication, and the distinction made between the common law offences was that forgery was the fabrication of a forged instrument (with the intent to defraud) and uttering was the publication of that instrument (with the intent to defraud). Statute law offences of forgery replace the common law offences nowadays, often subsuming the offence of uttering, and forgery is usually a felony rather than a misdemeanour.
Please take the time to read this, think about the content and research further yourself. The words and accusations stated must be on task with holding the criminals accountable.
Reminder of facts – https://olis.leg.state.or.us/liz/2013R1/Downloads/CommitteeMeetingDocument/2357